Croatia General info
The Republic of Croatia is a European country situated along the Adriatic Sea and its hinterland. It stretches from the slopes of the Alps and deep into the Pannonia Valley to the banks of the Danube and Drava rivers. Thus according to its natural characteristics, as well as its cultural and historical development, Croatia can be divided into three geographically distinct zones: the Coastal region, Mountain region and the Pannonia region.
Croatia covers a land area of 56,691 square kilometers and has a population of about 4.4 million people. Over 90% of the population is Croat (the majority of whom are Roman Catholics), but there are also Serbian, Bosnian, Hungarian and Italian minorities. The main population centers are Zagreb, the capital(with a population of just under 800,000), Osijek in the northwest, ports of Rijeka and Split, as well as beautiful Dubrovnik in the south. The officiallanguage is Croatian, which is written in the Latin script.
Croatia has an amazing 5,835km of coastline, 4,057km of which belongs to islands, cliffs and reefs. There are 1,200 islands in the Adriatic. The largest island is Krk (near Rijeka) which has a land area of 462 square km.
The climate is Mediterranean along the coastal region, meaning warm dry summers and mild winters, with 2,600 hours of sunlight on average yearly - it is one of the sunniest coastlines in Europe. In the interior of the country, the climate is continental with hot summers and cold, snowy winters.
Croatians retain a strong attachment to the land and traditions that nourished the dream of independence for so long and there is a real commitment to preserving the extraordinary beauty of the coast.
Top cities in Croatia: Dubrovnik, Zagreb, Split, Zadar, Rijeka
Altough Croatia is not a large country, it is a land that is Mediterranean, Central European, mountainous and flat, coastal and continental. Croatia ranks as one of the top five European countries with regard to biodiversity; with some parts being amongst the world’s richest such areas. Croatia has a richly indented wooded shore line with numerous islands, as in the SouthernSeas, preserved old Mediterranean towns with stone-built houses and narrow streets, but also green coastal meadows with dry stone walls. The mountainous areas abound with wide expanses of woods and forests, romantic lakes, fast flowing rivers and picturesque places, as well asharsh and barren karstic landscapes with deep gorges and canyons.
The Republic of Croatia is situated in the heart of Europe, having beautiful indented coastline along the Adriatic Sea, and numerous unspoilt islands and isles. This wonderful small country with only 4.4 million inhabitants offers the possibility of a high-quality lifestyle,considering a highly organized medical and educational system, good trafficconnection to all important European destinations, and various investment options.
Almost all international airports have regular flights to the Croatian capital – Zagreb, where you can continue your flight towards the coast. There are also numerous charter flights taking off directly towards the largest tourist destinations in Croatia: Pula, Rijeka, Split, Brač, and Dubrovnik.
- Currency: Kuna (HRK)
- Voltage of city power grid: 220V, frequency 50HZ
- The telephone access code for Croatia: +385
- Time zone: GMT plus one hour in winter and GMT plus two in summer
- Travel documentation: Passport or some other internationally recognized identification document
Learn a few Croatian words with us!
- Dobar dan / hello
- Hvala/ thank you
- Doviđenja/ goodbye
- Dobar tek/ enjoy your meal, bon appetite
- Licitar heart
- Lace from Pag
- Dalmatian dog
Fast Facts about Croatia
- Area: 56, 538 sq km
- Population: 4.5 million
- Population growth rate: 0.03%
- Life expectancy : male 71, female 78.5
- Primary trading partner - Italy
- Head of state - President Ivo Josipovic
Did you know about Croatia
There are over 1,200 islands, cliffs and reefs in Croatia which cover a total area of about 3,300 km2. Out of almost 700 islands less than 50 are inhabited.
Croatia is a country of rich natural resources and is famous for its natural beauties. There are several categories of protected areas in Croatia: 8 National Parks, 10 Nature Parks, 2 Strict Reserves, Park Forests and others.
There are seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Croatia: the Old City of Dubrovnik; the historical complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian; the Plitvice Lakes National Park; the Episcopal complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the historic center of Poreč; historic city of Trogir and the Stari Grad plain on the island of Hvar.
The city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa) was a maritime republic during the middle Ages. Between the 14th century and 1808Dubrovnik ruled itself as a free state until Napoleon invaded the city and the Republic of Dubrovnik surrendered to French forces.
The necktie, cravat originates from Croatia. It was first worn by Croatian soldiers in the 17th century. The word 'cravat' that derives from the French 'cravate' is a French pronunciation of 'Croat' in Croatian - 'Hrvat'.
The first solid ink fountain pen came from Croatia. It was developed by a Croatian engineer and inventor Penkala in 1907.
Nikola Tesla, the mechanical and electrical engineer and inventor, a contributor to the birth of commercial electricity was born in Croatia (at the time Austrian Empire) in 1856.
Marko Polo, a merchant, known for his travels throughout Asia whose pioneering journeys inspired Columbus and others, is believed to be born on the island of Korčula in the 13th century (at the time Venetian Republic).
The truffle (rare edible mushroom), a gastronomic giant grows in the heart of Istria, Croatia. Both white ('the gold of Istria' or 'white diamond') and black ('summer truffles') are found in abundance in Istrian forests and are 'hunted' by specially trained dogs.
The most famous and highly prized cheese in Croatia is produced on the island of Pag. Pag cheese is a product made of sheep milk and its valued taste is attributed to the climate and sheep that eat the aromatic Mediterranean plants on the island of Pag.
Coastal Croatia & Islands:
Are you dreaming of a country where the sea and sun merge in one, and the sun rays gently touch each of thousand islands, your dreams are just about to come true…
Croatia is called “the Land of a Thousand Islands”! Croatia has amazing 5.835 km of coastline and 4.058 km belongsto islands, cliffs and reefs. The coast and islands merge into an exquisite impression decorated by numerous natural beauties, mighty reeves, hidden coves, step like rocks and picturesque beaches. The hinterland will enchant you with its evergreen, Mediterranean vegetation, olive trees and vineyards, eye-catching lavender, cypress trees and pines. Each moment spent sailing on the Adriatic Sea is a unique pleasure.
Croatia whose rich cultural heritage is discovered not only from within the walls of numerous museums, galleries and churches, many of which today, as zero category monuments are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, but also in that magical place on the Mediterranean, where even the shortest stroll becomes a journey down a staircase thousands of years old, which takes one through a history that is at the same time turbulent, exciting and glorious.
Adriatic coastline is one of the sunniest in Europe with 2.600 hours of sunlight a year, on an average. Each and every spot of the Croatian coast, as well as of every island of the Adriatic Sea may be a fascinating story-teller of this exceptional part of Mediterranean. Besides the lavish natural stage, Croatia also has rich cultural scenery, which is a reflection of two thousand years civilisation impact. The mainland coast and the islands have numerous small places in which time seems to stand still. Medieval fortresses, castles, chapels and cathedrals tell a tale of rich cultural history. Medieval fairytale towns proudly rising from the cobalt blue Adriatic are the true custodians of this cultural treasure. City forts, bell towers,elegant palaces and narrow stone streets fully complement the sea, sky and mountains surrounding them, confirming the antic notion of the harmony of man and nature.
Each island on the Adriatic is special and unique - each has its own story and destiny. Every visit to Adriatic coast means discovering new breathtaking beauties and experiencing new sites.
Continental Croatia is a large area on the north-eastern part of Croatia and is defined by the rivers Sava, Drava and Mura, it borders with Bosnia and Herzegovina in the south and Slovenia and Hungary in the north. Term “central” is in use because of the geographical position. Administratively, the main city is iz Zagreb, a capital of Croatia.
Central Croatia has a good offer of congressional, business and rural tourism and offer accommodations in apartments, pensions, and rooms. Here you can try some of traditional cuisines and also a variety of activities such as horse riding, hunting, sports fishing... Congressional and business tourism is mostly developed in Zagreb.
The continental region with a large number of valleys, hills, lot of small villages that are surrounded by vineyards, forests and castles which once belonged to the aristocracy. It si also an area that contains many preserved urban places dating from the Middle Ages, romantic castles, palaces and manor houses, splendid churches, and museums so we can say that it has a rich cultural and historical heritage.
Too often overlooked by tourists making a beeline for the coast, Zagreb is a fascinating destination on its own, combining the best of Eastern and Western Europe. As the political, economic and cultural capital of Croatia, the city throbs with energy but has retained a good deal of old-world graciousness. The sober Austro-Hungarian buildings in the town centre house elegant restaurants and fashionable boutiques along with scruffy pubs and rowdy beer halls. A proliferation of galleries display theworks of the artistic community, a parade of international stars perform in the concert halls, and local DJs fill clubs with the latest sounds.
Spoiled by a coastline that lies only three hours away, Zagreb’s residents have a lively appreciation of the outdoors. Even in winter, the long, refreshing stretch of park that bisects the town centre is rarely empty. With the first breaths of spring, everyone heads to their favourite outdoor café to soak up the midday sun. On weekends, Maksimir Park in the east is a major destination for bikers, strollers and joggers. In the summer, everyone who doesn’t go to the coast scurries to Jarun Lake in the southwest to swim, boat and dance the night away in a lakeside disco. When Zagreb residents head for the hills, they don’t have far to go: Mt Medvednica is only a tram ride away and offers hiking, skiing and great views over the city.
What you can do in Central Croatian and in Zagreb ...
Popular tourist destinations in Continental Croatia are cities Zagreb (capital city of Croatia), Varazdin, Samobor, Turopolje, Krapina, Cakovec, Bjelovar, Osijek and many others.
Many of those towns have large history heritage, many castles (Trakoscan, Veliki tabor, Laduc, Miljana, Marusevec,Opeka...), churches (St. Barbara`s in Velika Mlaka, St. Mary`s of Jeruzalem in Krapina, St. Nicholas` in Varazdin, St. Ana`s in Cakovec, Zagreb`s cathedral...), parks of nature (Lonjsko polje)... Tourist attractions in Central Croatia are hunting tourism, business tourism, agro tourism... Marija Bistrica is most known pilgrimage center in Croatia. There are many spas inthis part of Croatia such as Stubice`s, Krapina`s, Tuhelj`s, Varazdin`s spa... Other tourist attractions are rafting on Kupa, hiking, walking in beautifulnature.
All main traffic roads in Central Croatia are passing through Zagreb. Central Croatia is populous, economic and urbanisated area in Croatia.